August 9, 2022

McKenzielee Blog

Wicked Clever House Experts

6 Harmonic Patterns to Use in Trading

11 min read
Contents Fibonacci Discussion COPYRIGHT HARMONICTRADER, L L.C. © 2022 How to Trade the Harmonic Butterfly...

Harmonic patterns are designed to identify quality turning points in the market. To be considered valid and tradable, harmonic patterns must meet defined movement conditions based on Fibonacci retracements and extension levels. Trading chart patterns are the foundation of technical analysis. There are numerous types of patterns, and it is not really necessary for technical analysts to master them all. Rather, it is important to understand how they form and what message they convey. Price patterns illustrate how an asset’s price reacts to support and resistance lines or areas in the market, including trendlines.

harmonic pattern trading

The image illustrates a Gartley pattern using a Metatrader MT4 Gartley indicator. If you open a bearish Gartley trade, your stop loss order should be located right above the D point of the pattern. When the Gartley pattern is bearish, then you use the same two rules to open a trade. However, in this case your trade will to the short side. There are times when a pattern displays all of the correct ratios and has the right look — but then fails.

The price then dips, and corrects just beyond the 127% target zone, having started to rally. Beginning from point B, the market experiences another downtrend to point C. However, the strength of the second leg down isn’t as strong as the first XA trend lower. The pattern which results in a bearish correction looks like an upright butterfly. Point D is formed when it retraces 0.782 Fibonacci level of XC. Among the best indicators for divergence trading include the RSI, MACD, and the Stochastic Oscillator.

And also shows us where our best stop loss should be kept to produce less loss over a period of time. Lets just say its not ATR based stop but create your rules for each pair based on backtest and forward test. Harmonic trading is god given gift , use this weapon at right place right time … will never loose single trade . This just so happen to be my own experience trading harmonics, and i believe there are better traders out there. If the price does break out lower, those who went long will have their stops triggered, traders will short the breakout to the downside, and I can expect lower prices to come. Imagine price consolidates before breaking out lower repeatedly.

Fibonacci Discussion

However, it can be understood that the entry and stop-loss rules are prone to easy manipulation by major players and can become a major drawback. In a Forex market, a few more pips deeper into the Potential Reversal Zone would be more than sufficient to trigger the stop-loss orders quite easily during volatile periods. In a bullish cypher pattern, X is the pattern low, while C is the pattern high. Buy trades are entered at point D, with the stop at or below X, and profit targets at A and Fibonacci retracements of CD. A bearish BAT pattern will be the reverse of the bullish pattern and will resemble the letter ‘W’, with the initial leg being a sharp decline from X to A. At point D, a sell order will be placed with a stop above X and profit targets being Fibonacci levels between A and D.

Harmonic patterns have defined areas for stop placement. But the stops are really tight and can easily be triggered in volatile markets. A bullish Gartley pattern will also resemble an ‘M’ and buy orders will be placed at D and stops at or below X, with the profit target at C. The ideal retracement levels will be between 0.382 and 0.50. Any and all information discussed is for educational and informational purposes only and should not be considered tax, legal or investment advice. A referral to a stock or commodity is not an indication to buy or sell that stock or commodity.

harmonic pattern trading

The pattern shows trade entry, stop and target levels from “D” levels using the “XA” leg. Chart Pattern recognition is the basic and primary ability any trader develops in Technical Analysis. It may be basic development, but the perfection of pattern recognition takes extensive practice and repetitive exposure. The expert recognition of patterns helps traders to quantify and react to the changing market environment. Chart patterns are categorized into “continuous” and “reversal” patterns, which are further classified as simple and complex patterns.


Trading patterns can signal transitions between different market conditions, such as uptrends and downtrends, or a continuation of prevailing conditions. When understood, traders are able to use trade patterns to anticipate future price behaviour and to take advantage of lucrative trade opportunities in the market. Harmonic patterns are chart patterns that form part of a trading strategy – and they can help traders to spot pricing trends by predicting future market movements. They create geometric price patterns by using Fibonacci numbers to identify potential price changes or trend reversals. Traders can identify these patterns and use them to inform their next trading decision.

Update it to the latest version or try another one for a safer, more comfortable and productive trading experience. We will explain how to trade each pattern in the further articles. Later the theory was developed by Larry Pesavento, who wrote a book Fibonacci Ratios with Pattern Recognition. Partnerships Help your customers succeed in the markets with a HowToTrade partnership.

Popular take-profit levels are 0.50, 0.618, 1 and 1.618 , as these could act as support and resistance levels in the future. The following chart shows another 5-point harmonic pattern . This pattern is similar to the above 5-point Gartley pattern, but in reverse. Here the pattern is “W”-shaped with “B” being the center of the pattern.

The D point is where the trade could be entered while everything else in the pattern is there to help identify an exact level where the D point will fall. The market can abruptly reverse, which is why it’s important to place a stop loss on every trade. Then, another correction lower leads to point C, which is a 49.0% correction of the A to B uptrend. This is right in the middle of the 38.2% to 88.6% corrective zone, considered normal for the butterfly pattern. Scott M. Carney believes that the ideal butterfly pattern needs to have a specific alignment of different Fibonacci measures at each point within the structure. The pattern can display rapid price action movement, and that often results in fast reversals at the PRZ.

Although there are many types of harmonic patterns, only a few have stood the test of time because they form more frequently on the price charts. In this section, we will go through each one and outline orbex review their differences. Harmonic patterns are drawn using lines that connect X and A, A and B, B and C, plus C and D. The example below shows a bullish Bat pattern on the EUR/USD four-hour price chart.

Please have in your mind that this is my Intraday trading pre-plan. It means that at least the conditions described below must be met for valid entry. My reaction will depend on how the price will arrive at the level and there I will be looking for… Instead of focusing on execution, you focus 80% of your energies on jotting down lines on the chart, and hoping for some sort of wishful future.

harmonic pattern trading

Though the initial dip is larger than 78.6%, you can see how the market’s geometry is trying to carve this pattern. Keep in mind, these retracement levels and target zones are just that — zones. It’s rare for prices to reverseexactlyat these price levels. In some instances, prices may fall a little short or move slightly beyond these zones. If prices do move beyond these zones, you would want to see a sharp reversal, indicating the market is respecting these pivot zones. If we calculate various Fibonacci aspects of a specific price structure, we can identify harmonic pattern areas that will hint for potential turning points in price action.

Once again, we used the Fibonacci retracement levels at the XA line, which is the first bearish line of the butterfly pattern. As you can see, the D level stops at 61.8% level, and from that point, there’s a clear bearish trend reversal. In the example below, we can see how the bearish butterfly pattern is formed at the end of a bullish trend.

How to Trade the Harmonic Butterfly Pattern

The XA and CD lines are long, and point D is far and located beyond point X. Point C should be the 38.2%-88.6% retracement level of the AB line. The critical condition is that point B should be at the 61.8% retracement level of line XA. Some of your drawings are incorrect Ryner, plus cypher pattern doesnt even exist in harmonic trading fyi.

Complementary Derived Ratios

A stop-loss order is placed below the recent swing low near D or below X. Forex traders love harmonic patterns, as they are particularly well suited to the real-time dynamics of the foreign exchange markets. When they are correctly used, they can warn a trader when underlying conditions are likely to result in a price drop, based on historical data. Harmonic Trading is a way to analyse financial markets by recognising specific price patterns and the alignment of Fibonacci ratios to determine potential reversal points.

That is, the patterns you see on smaller time-frame charts are smaller versions of the same patterns you see on larger time-frame charts. The harmonic butterfly pattern is a five-point pattern, with points labeled X, A, B, C and D. When you connect a line, or trend, between each of these points, it delineates four waves. In this article, we’ll discuss what the pattern looks like, how to identify it, and more importantly, how to trade it. A well-defined PRZ usually provides some type of initial reaction on the first test of most harmonic patterns.

IF the price is going to lose the support we could see a retracement until 0.618 Fibonacci level, so According to Plancton’s strategy , we can set a nice… Well Rayner, I’ve been trading since two years, initially having a brief info about Harmonic Patterns, I traded with these patterns only to find some disappointing results. Then I studied each aspect in detail about Harmonic Trading from the books by Scott Carney, Only to find out that there is lot more to it than just identifying a pattern. There are clear methods of when to go against the trend and when to go with the trend. THE PROBLEM IS WE START TAKING A STRATEGY FOR GRANTED WITHOUT UNDERSTANDING THE ENTIRE PICTURE.

Most harmonic pattern trade entries occur around “D” point within the reversal zone. Stop is placed above/below the last significant pivot (in 5 and 4-Point patterns it is below D for the bullish pattern, above tradeallcrypto review D for bearish patterns). In the above example, traders could choose to enter once the price starts moving up from D. Profit targets are based on retracement levels of AD, typically at 0.50, 0.618, and 1.

Stops will be placed above swing point D, with profit targets placed on Fibonacci levels projected from AD. When a bullish butterfly pattern forms, traders will place buy orders when the price appreciates off point D. Stops will then be placed below the swing point D, with profit targets based on Fibonacci levels derived from AD. The Fibonacci retracements or extensions create potential reversal zones. Each pattern takes these notions into their conception with some specificities.

If the trend from X to A is a downtrend, then the pattern will look like a butterfly and result in a bearish reversal. In the example below, we can see the bearish shark pattern with its PRZ zone. The harmonic Shark pattern is identified as shown in the picture below and uses 0, X, A, B, C swing points to name the pivot/swing legs.

Gartley Stop Loss

The Gartley, bat, and crab are among the most popular harmonic patterns available to technical traders. After we sell the AUD/CHF, and place our stop loss, we want price to start pursuing our targets. The first target at point B gets completed at the moment of the bearish bounce after the CD move. Therefore, this target is accomplished even before we manage to enter the market. The next target is located on the level of point C and the price action reaches it 14 periods after the short Gartley signal.

Gartley Trading Example

Courses On-demand video courses teaching you everything about trading. CD must be the .886 retracement of the initial XA line. BC must be a .382 or .886 retracement of the AB line. AB must be the .382 or .618 retracement of the XA line. BC must be either the .382 or the .886 retracement of AB.

And the range-bound markets tend to create price movements that look like a skewed “M” or “W” shapes in which harmonic patterns would stand a higher chances of profit. Since harmonic trading performs poorly in trending markets, a logical solution would be to avoid trading harmonic patterns in a trending market. These sheets illustrate various different harmonic patterns, both bearish and bullish versions, along with the required Fibonacci ratios between the various price swings and legs.

This is why using a breakout trade setup as described is beneficial. Let’s assume for a moment that Ether is unable to rally at the 127% zone. If we set up a bullish breakout trade at horizontal resistance, and the price fails to reach the breakout signal, then we never enter into the bullish trade . If this price level is reached, then the trader may want to close a portion of the position and let the remainder continue to float. At this point, the trader will want to set the stop loss just below the swing low at point D. This way, if prices continue to fall, then some other pattern is at play, and we can exit the trade with the majority of the account’s capital preserved.

Open a trade when the price completes the CD move and bounces in the opposite direction. If BC is 38.2% of AB, CD should be the 127.2% extension of BC. If BC is 88.6% of AB, CD should be the 161.8% extension of BC. When you open your Gartley trade and you place your stop loss order, you expect the price to move in your favor, right? And if and when it does, you should know how long you expect to stay in the trade. Regardless of your preferred entry signal, it is always recommended that you use a stop loss order.

And sorry to say, please do not get offended, from the article above, it sounds like you are not spending enough time and effort into this type of study and trading. However harmonic patterns are more prominent in price action secrets range markets due to the way it is constructed, causing traders to miss opportunities in trending markets. As I said before, the most popular harmonic patterns are the crab, the bat, the butterfly, and Gartley.

But statistical data I came across likeTesting Fibonaccis (1/2)andFibonacci Conclusion (2/2)says otherwise. Patterns can be in the form of higher highs and lows, consolidation before breaking out or range bound market etc. Rayner Teo is an independent trader, ex-prop trader, and founder of TradingwithRayner. M. Gartley, and many additional patterns were introduced by Scott Carney. CD will then be the same length as AB, and it should take the same amount of time for C to reach D as it did for A to reach B. C should then go beyond A, and should move 113%-141.4% of A.

Later, we’ll explain how to place the pattern in MetaTrader 4. To build the pattern, you should use Fibonacci and Elliott Waves Theory. Bryce Gilmore and Larry Pesavento discovered the Butterfly pattern.

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